The Impact of ICT on the Costs and Economics of Distance Education: A Review of the Literature
The remit for this review was quite broad, requesting coverage of the relevant literature on costing since 2000 as well as on costing-relevant aspects of open educational resources (OER), massive open online courses (MOOCs), mobile learning and distance education (DE) in developing countries. Given the limited space, the review had to be selective. Since the remit also requested the review to be structured in a comprehensive manner, we used the impact of information and communication technologies (ICT) on the direct teaching costs of DE as the guide for selection. The real difference between pre-2000 DE and DE today is due to the impact of ICT.
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Daniel, John (Commonwealth of Learning (COL), 2009-07-05)WORLD CONFERENCE ON HIGHER EDUCATION UNESCO July 5-8, 2009, Theme: Internationalisation, Regionalisation and Globalisation, Session: Globalisation and Higher Education in Small States: Opportunities and Threats, Sir John ...
Mannan, Mohammad A (Commonwealth of Learning (COL) and Open University Malaysia (OUM), 2016-11)Bangladesh Open University (BOU) – only provider of open and distance learning (ODL) in the country –deploys technologies in its educational delivery in accordance with the government’s short and long-run educational and ...
Hussain, Shahid; Ahmed, Moiz U (Commonwealth of Learning (COL) and Open University Malaysia (OUM), 2016-11)This research study aimed at exploring the new media trends among the open and distance learning students in Pakistan and the ultimate effects of excessive usage of various media outlets on educational learning, life pattern ...
Book Review: Depover, C., Orivel, F. (2012). Developing countries in the elearning era (Vol. 96). Paris: UNESCO IIPE. Huelsmann, Thomas (Commonwealth of Learning (COL), 2014)This review will depart from the standard format of a review, which usually starts by giving a brief summary of the reviewed item. Given that the book is readily available online at this URL and includes a good advance ...