From Policies to Implementation of Open Distance Learning in Rwanda: A Genealogical and Governmentality Analysis
The purpose of this paper is to analyse the interplay between policy formulation and implementation in terms of the present historical and cultural practices of open distance learning (ODL) in Rwanda. This paper draws on the Foucauldian genealogical and governmentality analysis. The paper examines Government aspirations as depicted in policy statements starting from2001, ayear aligning with the beginning of the Government of Rwanda’s Vision 2020. This Vision aims at transforming the country from an agrarian to a knowledge-based and technology-led society. This study analysed discourses emerging from policy statements on ODL and scrutinised how Government aspirations were translated into concrete actions. Moreover, the study examined the rationality governing ODL practice and explored governing techniques adopted in relation to ODL discourses. The findings reveal that, though policies extol ODL potential to increase access, relevance and inclusion in education, and though they highlight the need to improve quality in higher education through affordable, scalable and sustainable technologies, implementing institutions tend to adopt contentious approaches to cope with a dual mode. The study suggests some concrete ideas to close the gap between ODL policy formulation and implementation.
MetadataShow full item record
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
From Policies to Implementation of Open Distance Learning In Rwanda: A Genealogical and Governmentality Analysis of What and How Mukama, Evode (Commonwealth of Learning (COL) and Open University Malaysia (OUM), 2016-11)The purpose of this paper is to analyse the interplay between policy formulation and implementation in terms of the present historical and cultural practices of open distance learning (ODL) in Rwanda. This paper draws from ...
Nkuyubwatsi, Bernard (Commonwealth of Learning (COL), 2016)Policies play a critical role in the implementation of open, distance education and opening up higher education. To encourage participation of different stakeholders in related practices, policies may need to embody values ...
Contradictions in Learner Interactions in a Blended-Learning Writing Course in the ODL Context: An Activity Theory Analysis Pullenayegem, Judy; De Silva, Radhika; Jayatilleke, Gayathri (Commonwealth of Learning (COL), 2021-07-20)This paper reports on the use of Engeström’s (1987) Activity Theory (AT) framework to gain insights into the contradictions that emerge within the activity system of the online component of an advanced writing skills course, ...
Early Years of the Journal of Learning for Development: A Combination of Bibliometrics and Thematic Analysis Mishra, Sanjaya (Commonwealth of Learning (COL), 2019-07)The paper analyses the contributions to Journal of Learning for Development (JL4D) from volume one to five using bibliometrics and content analysis techniques. Analysing the 91 papers in various categories of JL4D, the ...
Sustaining Work-based Learning During COVID 19 Pandemic: Case study of work-based degree program implemented in India Namjoshi, Revati; Pani, Soumya; Despande, Ujjwala; Ranade, Amit (Commonwealth of Learning (COL), 2021-07-20)Sustaining Work-based Learning during the COVID-19 pandemic became a challenge since access to working-cum-learning places for students of a work-based degree programme was depleted. Socio-economic challenges needed to be ...