Access and Affordability in Higher Education (Pre-print)
The demand for Higher education continues to rise. A key driver of this demand, according to a recent World Bank working paper, is the steady return on investment. The average rate of return on investment for private and social costs is estimated at 15.8% and 10.5% respectively. The returns are higher in lower-income countries relative to higher-income countries (Psacharopoulos & Patrinos, 2018). A study from the London School of Economics revealed that doubling the number of universities is associated with over 4% higher GDP per capita in a region (Valero & Reenen, 2016). The estimated global enrolment in tertiary education is expected to rise to 262 million by 2025 (Maslen, 2012) and 522 million by 2035 (Calderon, 2012). In real terms it means that if we are to accommodate the children who will reach enrolment age between now and 2025, we will need to build four new universities with a capacity of 30,000, every single week.
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Mishra, Sanjaya; Kanwar, Asha (2015-06)The emergence of Open Educational Resources (OERs) movement has been adopted by the Commonwealth of Learning (COL) as one of the ways to promote access to quality educational materials in the developing countries of the ...
Kanwar, Asha; Gatsha, Godson; Mishra, Sanjaya (Commonwealth of Learning (COL), 2015-09-18)Keynote address presented at the Distance Education Association of Southern Africa (DEASA) Conference on 18 September 2015 held at the Institute of Distance Education, University of Swaziland by Professor Asha Kanwar, ...
Kanwar, Asha; Abeywardena, Ishan S; Mishra, Sanjaya (Commonwealth of Learning (COL), 2017-12-20)Presented by Professor Asha Kanwar, President & CEO, Commonwealth of Learning, at the 6th International Conference on Information and Communication Technology and Accessibility, 20 December 2017, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman. ...
Kanwar, Asha; Mishra, Sanjaya (Commonwealth of Learning (COL), 2018-03-11)Presented by Professor Asha Kanwar, President & CEO, Commonwealth of Learning, at Innovation Arabia 11, Dubai, United Arab Emirates, 11 March 2018. Co-written with Dr Sanjaya Mishra, COL.
Kanwar, Asha; Mishra, Sanjaya (International Association of Universities (IAU), 2018-05)This paper presents a brief case for use of technology in higher education and shares some of the COL experiences that shows its focus on (i) policy, (ii) capacity, and (iii) appropriate technology. Integrating these three ...