Assessing the Needs of Industries to Enhance Graduate Employability - The Case of Mauritius
The value of higher education and its relevance in sustaining global competitiveness are indisputable. However, while the achievement of formal degrees remains a priority, the employability of people depends a lot on skills they possess as well. In this competitive era, employers/industries demand cross-disciplinary intellectual skills and in-depth knowledge from graduates. The right people can easily integrate industries, and for this, they need to have both the right educational degree and skills required for that specific post/job. The underlying challenge is therefore, what employers think about the level and type of education being offered by higher educational institutions. // Graduate unemployment remains an alarming issue in many countries. Many graduates cannot find a job in their related field or as per their expectations (fulfilling job). While reasons why these graduates cannot be absorbed by the labour market are many, the most important concerns remain skills and attitudes (which graduates have or do not have) and the demand of the industry. For example, in one study, 96 percent of university presidents in the USA responded that they were adequately preparing graduates for the workforce; in contrast, only 33 percent of senior executives shared this opinion when asked about their views of university graduates (Bisoux, 2015). In another survey, 40 percent of employers in the US believe that there is a significant skills gap between graduates and entry-level requirements (McKinsey and Company, 2012). These findings are sad realities that can be avoided. Universities and other education institutions/ stakeholders have to be able or rather, be willing to respond to the changing market needs. Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 4, which is about ensuring inclusive and equitable quality education and promoting lifelong learning opportunities for all, is key to achieving the other SDGs. Hence, research on employability is of utmost significance to address SDG4, and ultimately, the other SDGs.// Paper ID 68
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