Informal Learning and Non-Formal Education for Development
The following article examines the issues of open, distance and technology-based informal learning and non-formal education for individual and community development. It argues that these two modes of education, which are estimated to constitute 70-90% of lifelong learning, are insufficiently represented in the literature of open and distance learning and development. To ensure that these forms of provision take their rightful place alongside the mainstream systems of formal education, it is posited that far more research and evaluation is needed in order to demonstrate their potential and evince quality in their outputs, outcomes and impacts.
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Open and Distance Learning and Information and Communication Technologies- Implications on Formal and Non formal Education. Situma, David B (Commonwealth of Learning, 2015)The Population; female (% of total) in Kenya was last reported at 50.05 in 2011, according to a World Bank report published in 2012. Despite this higher percentage, women in Kenya are not well represented in education and ...
Carr, Alexis; Tenywa, Moses; Balasubramanian, K (Commonwealth of Learning (COL), 2015-11)The relationship between education and empowerment has been widely debated in development literature. In recent times, social capital and community-centric learning have been increasingly recognized as important variables ...
Motivations, Achievements, and Challenges of Self-Directed Informal Learners in Open Educational Environments and MOOCs Bonk, Curtis J; Lee, Mimi M (Commonwealth of Learning (COL), 2017-03)This research targeted the learning preferences, goals and motivations, achievements, challenges, and possibilities for life change of self-directed online learners enrolled in a massive open online course (MOOC) related ...
Latchem, Colin; Kanwar, Asha (Commonwealth of Learning, Vancouver, 2011)A Planners’ and Practitioners’ QA Toolkit for Open and Distance Non-formal Education with author Colin Latchem.
Latchem, Colin (Commonwealth of Learning (COL), 2012)Non-formal education takes place both within and outside educational institutions. It caters to all ages and spans adult literacy, basic education, life skills, work skills and health promotion. This new COL publication ...