Browsing by Author "Hafeez, Amtul"
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- ItemOpen AccessAssessing the Needs of Literacy personnel in Non Formal Basic Education(2010-11) Ghazi, Shakil A; Hafeez, Amtul; Safdar, Muhammad; Yaqoob, MuhammadDue to population explosion and swiftly increasing demand for education even developed countries are unable to overcome the prevailing challenges through formal system of education. Most of the developing countries are in miserable situation regarding level of education and literacy. Attacking poverty has become an international concern for placing in the paradigm of ‘education and learning for sustainable development’ in consideration of the reality that almost half of the world’s population live in poverty. Unfortunately, more than half of the population is living below the poverty line in Pakistan. (World Bank, 2000) Due to scarce resources and financial constraints developing countries are unable to cope with the drastic demand for education and consequently non formal education (NFE) seems blessing to meet this challenge of poverty alleviation.
- ItemOpen AccessBarriers To The Effective Use Of Information And Communication Technologies In Distance Education(2013-11) Ghazi, Shakil A; Hafeez, Amtul; Safdar, MuhammadInformation and communication technologies (ICTs) have revolutionized all aspects of human life on this planet and these have created unprecedented challenges and unparallel opportunities for advancement on this globe. Teachers are leaders and nation builders, hence, prepare generations to meet the accelerating challenges created by ICTs. The study focused upon the problems and issues pertaining to the effective use of ICTs in teacher training in distance education. // The study was descriptive in nature therefore, survey was considered appropriate for data collection. A sample of 50 teachers and 200 students of BEd, MEd and MA Education were taken randomly in 2012. Data were collected via a questionnaire and top 10 barriers were solicited from the respective respondents. Data were analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively as well. The results of the study arrayed lack of training, power failure, lack of technical support, Lack of peer support, slow connectivity, lack of quality software, lack of quality hardware, lack of software, lack of knowledge and lack of confidence as top 10 barriers among tutors. Sequence was changed among students as lack of hardware, power failure, lack of quality hardware, lack of software, lack of quality software, lack of training, lack of technical support, lack of peer support, slow connectivity, and lack of confidence were arrayed as top 10 barriers/problems. Conclusions and recommendations were made in the light of findings. // Paper ID: 321
- ItemOpen AccessPromises and Challenges of IoT in Education(2019-09) Safdar, Muhammad; Safdar, Gulfam A; Hafeez, Amtul; Malik, Muhammad Anternet of Things (IoT) in education is a hot topic and is getting ever increasing popularity over the globe because it is effective, quick, dynamic, empowering, individual and comprehensive. IoT has also posed some vital challenges to students, educators and administrators. Main purpose of the study was to assess the role of IoT in education. Moreover, issues and challenges regarding IoT in education were also analyzed in this study. A sample of 200 faculty members and PhD scholars was taken randomly. A questionnaire on five points Lickert scale was used as a research tool for the collection of data and its reliability was .86 (Chronbach’s Alpha). Collected data were analyzed through SPSS XVIII. The study revealed that IoT helps in shaping smart lesson plans, smart classrooms and smart campuses. This technology allows connectivity of students and educators around the globe. IoT reduces gender disparity and increases students’ engagement and teachers’ efficiency. This technology promotes collaboration and creativity, enhances access to information, improves safety and enriches teaching learning process. Though this technology helps in improving performance of education system yet some challenges and issues were also witnessed in this study. Lack of financial resources, development, complexity and implementation of IoT, ethics, trust and privacy, quality and data security were major challenges of IoT in education. // Paper ID 189
- ItemOpen AccessPromoting Morality in Virtual Reality Learning Systems(2019-09) Safdar, Muhammad; Safdar, Gulfam A; Hafeez, Amtul; Malik, Muhammad AUnprecedented advancement in information and communication technologies has opened new vistas of education and training. Virtual Reality Environments (VLEs) are becoming increasingly popular and expanding rapidly. Anyhow, in any educational setting, teachers are role model for their learners and they are responsible for their academic as well as moral development. Teachers and educational institutions provide opportunities of learning moral values to their students. Institution will have to develop a variety of means for moral development of students (Kaur, 2015). Main purpose of this study was to assess role of teachers and institutions in promoting morality in a virtual reality system. Data were collected via a questionnaire and reliability of the research tool was .80 (Chronbach’s Alpha).Randomly taken sample of the study consisted of 60 students. SPSS XVII version was used for the analysis of data. // Paper ID 195
- ItemOpen AccessRole of Allama Iqbal Open University in Promoting Access and Demoting Gender Disparity in Higher Education in Pakistan(2010-11) Safdar, Muhammad; Hussain, Irshad; Hafeez, AmtulHigher education has emerged as a key factor for socio-economic development in the recent decades. Amazingly, more persons are attending colleges and universities in this century than in all of the human history (Goodman, 1999) and it is rightly argued by Manuel Castells, if knowledge and information are electricity of the new world economy, universities are one of the power sources on which the development process of 21st century has to rely. (Altbach, 1999) About 64 years ago Quaid-i-Azam, Muhammad Ali Jinnah (Father of the Nation) has expressed the importance of higher education in these words, “Of all the economic growth initiatives available to the Government of Pakistan, perhaps none holds more promise and the possibility of large scale and sustainable returns than the effectiveness and expansion of the Higher Education infrastructure in Pakistan”. (GoP, 2009) Unfortunately, despite of these golden words of our hero at the advent of this millennium the total number of students in higher education was about 2.6% for the age group of 17-23 which was very low and Pakistan ranked amongst the worst in the world in higher education enrolment ratios, as compared to China (13%), Malaysia (26%), Thailand (39%) and Korea (83%). (HEC MTDF, 2005-2010) // Before the inception of Higher Education Commission (HEC) of Pakistan, the total number of students in Pakistan’s higher education system was approximately 475,000. Of these students, only 139,000 have attended universities-representing a less than 0.8% enrollment ratio for higher education, i.e. fewer than 8 of every 1000 Pakistanis between the ages of 17 and 23 have attended university. Enhancing accessibility and participation in higher education is an important goal of Higher Education Commission. (HEC, 2008) Soon after the establishment of HEC this ratio increased drastically and it approached to 5%. HEC aimed to continue this progress to 10% by 2015 and subsequently to 15% by 2020. (HEC MTDF, 2005-2010)