Browsing by Author "Malik, Muhammad A"
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- ItemOpen AccessPromises and Challenges of IoT in Education(2019-09) Safdar, Muhammad; Safdar, Gulfam A; Hafeez, Amtul; Malik, Muhammad Anternet of Things (IoT) in education is a hot topic and is getting ever increasing popularity over the globe because it is effective, quick, dynamic, empowering, individual and comprehensive. IoT has also posed some vital challenges to students, educators and administrators. Main purpose of the study was to assess the role of IoT in education. Moreover, issues and challenges regarding IoT in education were also analyzed in this study. A sample of 200 faculty members and PhD scholars was taken randomly. A questionnaire on five points Lickert scale was used as a research tool for the collection of data and its reliability was .86 (Chronbach’s Alpha). Collected data were analyzed through SPSS XVIII. The study revealed that IoT helps in shaping smart lesson plans, smart classrooms and smart campuses. This technology allows connectivity of students and educators around the globe. IoT reduces gender disparity and increases students’ engagement and teachers’ efficiency. This technology promotes collaboration and creativity, enhances access to information, improves safety and enriches teaching learning process. Though this technology helps in improving performance of education system yet some challenges and issues were also witnessed in this study. Lack of financial resources, development, complexity and implementation of IoT, ethics, trust and privacy, quality and data security were major challenges of IoT in education. // Paper ID 189
- ItemOpen AccessPromoting Morality in Virtual Reality Learning Systems(2019-09) Safdar, Muhammad; Safdar, Gulfam A; Hafeez, Amtul; Malik, Muhammad AUnprecedented advancement in information and communication technologies has opened new vistas of education and training. Virtual Reality Environments (VLEs) are becoming increasingly popular and expanding rapidly. Anyhow, in any educational setting, teachers are role model for their learners and they are responsible for their academic as well as moral development. Teachers and educational institutions provide opportunities of learning moral values to their students. Institution will have to develop a variety of means for moral development of students (Kaur, 2015). Main purpose of this study was to assess role of teachers and institutions in promoting morality in a virtual reality system. Data were collected via a questionnaire and reliability of the research tool was .80 (Chronbach’s Alpha).Randomly taken sample of the study consisted of 60 students. SPSS XVII version was used for the analysis of data. // Paper ID 195
- ItemOpen AccessRole of Non-Formal Basic Education in Rural Development in Punjab(2010-11) Malik, Muhammad A; Jumani, Nabi B; Safdar, Muhammad; Ghazi, Shakeel ADue to population explosion and swiftly increasing demand for education even developed countries are unable to overcome the prevailing challenges through formal system of education. Most of the developing countries are in miserable situation regarding level of education and literacy. Attacking poverty has become an international concern for placing in the paradigm of ‘education and learning for sustainable development’ in consideration of the reality that almost half of the world’s population live in poverty. Pakistan is the sixth populous country in the world and unfortunately, more than half of the population is living below the poverty line. Educated and well off urban population lives not so very differently from their counterparts in other countries of similar income range, or even of their counterparts in Western countries. However, the poor and rural inhabitants of Pakistan are being left behind (World Bank, 2002). Due to scarce resources and financial constraints developing countries are unable to cope with the drastic demand for education and consequently non-formal education (NFE) seems blessing to meet this challenge of poverty alleviation.