Browsing by Author "Mishra, Sanjaya"
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- ItemOpen AccessAccess and Affordability in Higher Education (Pre-print)(2018-06) Kanwar, Asha; Mishra, SanjayaThe demand for Higher education continues to rise. A key driver of this demand, according to a recent World Bank working paper, is the steady return on investment. The average rate of return on investment for private and social costs is estimated at 15.8% and 10.5% respectively. The returns are higher in lower-income countries relative to higher-income countries (Psacharopoulos & Patrinos, 2018). A study from the London School of Economics revealed that doubling the number of universities is associated with over 4% higher GDP per capita in a region (Valero & Reenen, 2016). The estimated global enrolment in tertiary education is expected to rise to 262 million by 2025 (Maslen, 2012) and 522 million by 2035 (Calderon, 2012). In real terms it means that if we are to accommodate the children who will reach enrolment age between now and 2025, we will need to build four new universities with a capacity of 30,000, every single week. // This item is published as "Staying Ahead: Open Learning in the Commonwealth" in the ACU Bulletin, no. 194, August 2018, pages 22-23 .
- ItemOpen AccessAccessible OER: Where to Start?(2017-12-20) Kanwar, Asha; Abeywardena, Ishan S; Mishra, SanjayaPresented by Professor Asha Kanwar, President & CEO, Commonwealth of Learning, at the 6th International Conference on Information and Communication Technology and Accessibility, 20 December 2017, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman. Co-written with Dr. Ishan Abeywardena, Adviser: Open Educational Resources, COL and Dr. Sanjaya Mishra, Education Specialist: eLearning, COL
- ItemOpen AccessAchieving Lifelong Learning for All: Where are We Now? What Next?(2019-02-11) Kanwar, Asha; Carr, Alexis; Balasubramanian, K; Mishra, SanjayaPresented by Professor Asha Kanwar, President & CEO, Commonwealth of Learning at the ICDE Lillehammer Lifelong Learning Summit 2019, 11 February 2019. Co-written with Ms Alexis Carr, Research Coordinator, COL, Dr K Balasubramanian, former Vice President, COL, and Dr Sanjaya Mishra, Education Specialist: eLearning, COL.
- ItemOpen AccessAdvancing Research in Commonwealth Africa: Some Reflections(2015-02-12) Kanwar, Asha; Gatsha, Godson; Lesperance, John; Mishra, SanjayaTranscript and presentation slides of a speech given at the Commonwealth Tertiary Education Facility (CTEF), Malaysia, 12 February 2015. Presented by Professor Asha Kanwar, President & CEO (co-written with Dr. Godson Gatsha, Mr. John Lesperance, and Dr. Sanjaya Mishra)
- ItemOpen AccessAll Things Research in Open, Distance and eLearning(2022-08-03) Kanwar, Asha; Mishra, SanjayaVideo keynote address by Professor Asha Kanwar, COL President & CEO at the UNISA ODeL e-Conference, South Africa on 3 August 2022.
- ItemOpen AccessApplying Benchmarking for Better Performance of Open Universities(2023-03-21) Mishra, SanjayaIntroductory remarks by Dr Sanjaya Mishra, Director: Education at the UNESCO IITE Webinar Series on Harnessing Technology to Transform Education held on 21 March 2023.
- ItemMetadata onlyArtificial Intelligence and Future of Learning(2022-09) Mishra, SanjayaPCF10 Sub-theme: Inspiring Innovations // UNESCO global report Reimagining our futures together: A new social contract for education, highlights the challenge of creating decent human-centred work in the age of Artificial Intelligence (AI). It advocates for more people and communities to recognise the value of care work and the multiple ways that economic security needs to be provisioned. // UNESCO is engaged in the frontiers of making the best use of artificial intelligence in education by developing policy guidelines and capacities of member states. The 41st session of UNESCO General Conference adopted the Recommendation on the Ethics of Artificial Intelligence. The Beijing Consensus on AI in education has led the foundation of discourses on how best to leverage the power of AI to benefit students and teachers. The “AI and Education: Guidance for Policy-makers” published by UNESCO in 2021 provided intellectual guidance for the fostering of AI-ready policy-makers. And a guiding framework has been developed for the development AI competencies for K-12, and a report on the mapping of government-endorsed K-12 AI curricula was released in February 2022. // This panel is designed for policy makers of education ministries, practitioners and professionals interested in the crossroad of education policy-making and AI. Speakers will address the issues on the futures of education, AI-enabled futures of learning, AI curriculum development and best practices for preparing students for human-AI collaboration. // Paper ID 1739
- ItemOpen AccessBenchmarking Toolkit for Technology-Enabled Learning(2019-08) Sankey, Michael; Mishra, SanjayaThis toolkit helps educational institutions implementing TEL to assess and benchmark their practices in comparison to other institutions. It provides a framework for self-assessment and reporting based on 10 areas and detailed indicators to measure quality.
- ItemOpen AccessCan ODL reach the unreached? Lessons from the Commonwealth(2016-07-27) Kanwar, Asha; Mishra, SanjayaFirst public lecture of the National Open University of Nigeria’s (NOUN) Distinguished Lecture Series in Abuja, Nigeria, delivered by Professor Asha Kanwar speaking about the potential of open and distance learning (ODL) to reach the unreached, 27 July 2016.
- ItemOpen AccessCan Open Learning Transform Society?(2017-12-16) Kanwar, Asha; Balasubramanian, K; Mishra, SanjayaPresented by Professor Asha Kanwar, President & CEO, Commonwealth of Learning, at Krishna Kanta Handiqui State Open University (KKHSOU), 16 December 2017, Guwahati, India. Co-written with Dr. K Balasabramanian, Vice President, COL and Dr. Sanjaya Mishra, Education Specialist: eLearning, COL.
- ItemOpen AccessCan Technology Solve the Problems of Higher Education?(2018-05) Kanwar, Asha; Mishra, SanjayaThis paper presents a brief case for use of technology in higher education and shares some of the COL experiences that shows its focus on (i) policy, (ii) capacity, and (iii) appropriate technology. Integrating these three dimensions helps universities to leverage the power of technology to increase access, improve quality and sustainability. // This paper is from the May 2018 edition of IAU Horizons.
- ItemOpen AccessDesigning an Online Learning Environment for Participatory Management of Displacement, Resettlement and Rehabilitation(2002-07) Mishra, Sanjaya; Jain, ShobhitaPCF2 // Web-based courses are innovative approaches to distance education, where teaching and learning processes take place through the technologies and methodologies of the World Wide Web (WWW) (Powell 2001). The web technologies are being used popularly at all levels of education and training (Khan 1997). No other form of educational technology has made so much impact in the field of education and training as that of the Internet and its WWW. The new technologies appear to offer many advantages over conventional formats including economies in cost, greater levels of access to students, more flexible teaching and learning approaches and enhanced educational opportunities (Oliver 1999). Weller (2000) outlines the following advantages of the uses of the Internet as a delivery mechanism for distance education over conventional methods: // i. Quick production: Traditional print or broadcast material can take a long time to produce. // ii. Quick alteration and up to date course material: Conventional materials such as print, television, computer-based learning programs and so forth can be costly to alter on large scale. // iii. Interaction with, and feedback from, students. // iv. Interactive learning materials having animation, assessment and simulation. v. Flexibility in study pattern provided through various asynchronous tools of the web. // The number of universities that offer distance education courses and progammes has increased exponentially since the 1980s (Jones and Gower 1997). According to the World Communication and Information Report 1999-2000, there are 5, 022, 687 hosts with educational (.edu) domain name. There are many educational resources with .org and .ac domain names as well. However, most of the web-courses are nothing more than a classroom lecture materials posted in to the web. Carr-Chellman and Duchastel (2000: 29) says “that many online courses lack basic design consideration and that the web is simply being used as a medium for the delivery of instruction created within another framework”. Detailed evaluation of online learning environments frequently reveal that courses tend to be electronic versions of the conventional print-based versions from which they have been derived (Dehoney and Reeves 1998). // In this paper an attempt has been made to review the design considerations of online learning environments in the certificate programme in Participatory Management of Displacement, Resettlement and Rehabilitation, the first social science online programme in India, offered by the Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU), New Delhi. The paper is divided into three parts. Part 1 deals with online learning environments, Design framework, and issues in designing online learning environments. Part 2 discusses the online Postgraduate Certificate programme of study in Participatory Management of Displacement, Resettlement and Rehabilitation (PGCMRR) at IGNOU. Part 3 provides a brief account of important problems faced and lessons learnt during the running of the first session of the programme from July 2001 to December 2001. //
- ItemOpen AccessDesigning Online Learning(2001) Mishra, SanjayaThe Internet has simultaneously captured the imagination and interest of the world's educators. What drives this interest? Increasing demands for education, training and skills upgrading, a shift from a labour-intensive to a knowledge-intensive global economy, and the need for workers to earn while they learn. Online learning is the new generation in the evolutionary growth of open, flexible and distance learning
- ItemOpen AccessDevelopment of an Action Plan for the Creation of a Capacity Building Cell within the National Institute of Open Schooling, India(2010) Mishra, SanjayaThe transformation of National Open School (NOS) to National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) in 2002 demands for new functions to be performed by NIOS in the area of training and research, apart from its academic functions of certification at secondary and senior secondary level. Also, the demands in the Open School system in India shall increase manifold in the coming years due to various schemes of the Government of India, and at such a juncture, this project is highly significant to the NIOS to rethink its operation and re-organize its administrative mechanisms to meet the challenges ahead. The Report critically assesses the current scenario of training and academic practices in the NIOS and three State Open Schools (in Andhra Pradesh, Haryana, and Madhya Pradesh) to make reflections in the light of contemporary distance education practices and new media practices in education.
- ItemOpen AccessDigital Education: Unlocking the Potential of Every Mind(2023-03-02) Mishra, SanjayaPresented by Dr Sanjaya Mishra, Director: Education, Commonwealth of Learning at the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Digital Skills Taskforce Webinar organised by CARICOM and UNESCO, held in Kingston, Jamaica on 2 March 2023.
- ItemOpen AccessEarly Years of the Journal of Learning for Development: A Combination of Bibliometrics and Thematic Analysis(2019-07) Mishra, SanjayaThe paper analyses the contributions to Journal of Learning for Development (JL4D) from volume one to five using bibliometrics and content analysis techniques. Analysing the 91 papers in various categories of JL4D, the paper identifies authorship pattern, topics covered, research methods used, types of documents used in citations, core journals and the median age of citations to JL4D. The finding of the study reveals that JL4D has created a niche for itself as a specialised research journal focusing on innovations in learning contributing to development.
- ItemOpen AccessEducational Multimedia: A Handbook for Teacher-Developers(2003-03) Reddi, Usha V; Mishra, SanjayaMultimedia has always fascinated educationists because of its strengths to communicate difficult concepts in simple ways. With the availability of more and more sophisticated computers with multimedia capabilities, the potentialities to use multimedia have also grown tremendously. In the case of Open and Distance Education, which depends on self-learning materials, the use of multimedia enriches the teaching learning experiences by providing a multi-sensory perspective. While it has been acknowledged that multimedia can be useful in the teaching-learning scenario of both face-to-face and distance learning settings, educators tend to believe that development of multimedia requires knowledge of high-end programming. This is true only partially. Today, with the availability of software like Flash, Director, 3D Studio Max, etc, we can develop multimedia lessons with a little practice of the software. Therefore, you see many highly skilled multimedia designers in the market. But knowledge of the software alone is not enough to prepare a good educational multimedia. In order to be useful to the learner, a multimedia programme design needs to have a sound pedagogical base. This handbook intends to help teachers in understanding the basic concepts of multimedia and various issues involved in the development of educational multimedia.
- ItemOpen AccesseLearning in the Commonwealth Asia(2013-11) Mishra, SanjayaThe panel discussion will highlight the eLearning trends in the Commonwealth Asia by sharing the results of an eight country survey conducted recently by the Commonwealth Educational Media Centre for Asia (CEMCA), the regional unit of Commonwealth of Learning (COL). As the access to Internet and bandwidth capacity increases in the Commonwealth Asia, it is important to analyse the growth, developments and trends to help experts, institutions and governments make appropriate decisions to promote the use of technology in learning. The panel discussion will discuss the current scenario and reflect on the possibilities for the future. // Paper ID: 490
- ItemOpen AccessFlexible Digital Learning, Micro-Credentialing and Assessment Practices in the Commonwealth(2023-09-25) Mishra, SanjayaOnline keynote presentation delivered by Dr Sanjaya Mishra, COL Director: Education at the 48th International Association for Educational Assessment (IAEA) Conference in Kingston, Jamaica, on 25 September 2023.
- ItemOpen AccessFlexible Learning in a Digital Age: Towards a Micro-credential Framework(2022-11-11) Mishra, SanjayaPresented by Dr Sanjaya Mishra, Director: Education, Commonwealth of Learning, at the 2nd Ministerial Summit of the Caribbean Examination Council (CXC), St George’s, Grenada, on 11 November 2022.