Browsing 01. Research & Publications by Issue Date
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- ItemOpen AccessReport of the Training Consultancy in Distance Education Course Development for the Pacific Region:August and September 1990: Suva and Port Vila(1990) Robertson, William D; Mattock, Dale LThis report describes the details and outcomes of a project undertaken by the Commonwealth of Learning during August and September 1990 to provide staff development training in distance education course development to distance educators employed in developing Commonwealth countries of the Pacific region.
- ItemOpen AccessReport on a Round Table on Training Distance Educators(1990) Commonwealth of LearningPapers Presented at a Round Table on Training Distance Educators: COL Headquarters, Canada, 2 - 6 April 1990. // Series formerly called "Perspectives on Teacher Education." Renamed to "Perspectives on Open and Distance Learning."
- ItemOpen AccessAdministrative Structures for Distance Education(1991) Perraton, HilaryThe purpose of this book is to help anyone considering the use of distance education and trying to decide how it should be organised. The acclaimed success of the world's 25+ open universities gives the impression that learning at a distance demands the establishment of an open university. But, in practice, there are many different ways in which governments, universities, or private bodies can teach students at a distance. The book explores and compares the options that may be possible.
- ItemOpen AccessDistance Education at the University of the South Pacific(1991) Renwick, William; King, St. Clair; Shale, DouglasReport of the review of distance education at the University of the South Pacific initiated towards the end of 1989
- ItemOpen AccessAppraisal of Distance Education at the University of the West Indies: First Impressions(1991) Renwick, William
- ItemOpen AccessDistance Education in Single and Dual Mode Universities: Papers Presented to a Symposium on Reforms in Higher Education(1992) Mugridge, IanThe papers in this collection were prepared for a symposium on reforms in higher education, with particular emphasis on distance education, held in New Delhi, India, in late August, 1992, and sponsored by The Commonwealth of Learning and the University Grants Commission, India. // Series formerly called "Perspectives on Teacher Education." Renamed to "Perspectives on Open and Distance Learning."
- ItemOpen AccessDistance Education in India(1992) Singh, AbhimanyuThere are over one hundred conventional universities in India, and five Open Universities have also been started. The total student enrolment in the Open system is ten percent of all enrolments in higher education. That proportion will undoubtedly increase. In view of the importance being attached to Distance Education in India, it was felt valuable to look at the experience of this country. // This monograph is based on a paper originally prepared for the Asian Development Bank Round Table Conference on Distance Education, Islamabad, Pakistan (Nov. 6-8, 1989). The paper was later updated and expanded to form this case study. // Series formerly called "Perspectives on Teacher Education." Renamed to "Perspectives on Open and Distance Learning."
- ItemOpen AccessRoles and Competencies in Distance Education(1993) O'Rourke, JenniferThis report is designed to be used by planners, policy makers and other decision makers who are instrumental in setting up and/or managing a distance education system, and who are planning for staffing and training needs. It provides guidelines on the basic tasks involved in managing a distance education programme and the staffing required to handle those tasks.
- ItemOpen AccessStudent Support Services: Toward More Responsive Systems: Report of a Symposium on Student Support Services in Distance Education(1993) Sweet, RobertThis report summarises the results of a symposium convened by The Commonwealth of Learning in Delhi between June 21 and 27, 1992. The symposium was entitled "Models of Student Support Systems in Distance Education" and consequently was oriented more towards policy than practice. Nevertheless, the deliberations were anchored in the personal experiences of participants and their institutions, which lent an especially lively tone to the discussions, These centred on the institutional case studies presented by representatives from the four open universities in India, the new distance education programmed at Bangladesh's national university, and the institutions in two non-Commonwealth countries, Thailand and Indonesia,
- ItemOpen AccessTeacher Education in Science, Mathematics and Technical/Vocational Subjects(1993) Emmal, Marline; Kinyanjui, Peter EThe quality of education depends to a large extent on the quality of the teachers involved in its development and delivery. Teacher training is a need for all countries of the world. Nowhere is the need felt more keenly than in the provision of teachers for science, mathematics and technical/vocational subjects. The problem is exacerbated in developing countries, which must simultaneously deal with shortcomings in other areas. The Commonwealth of Leaming (COL) recognises the problem and is committed to finding and applying new methods of teacher education and training to complement conventional systems and to help accelerate solutions. This was the main focus of the Round Table meeting convened by COL in Vancouver, Canada, in June 1992, and attended by 22 experienced educators drawn from 13 countries of the Commonwealth. In order to share the participants’ ideas and experiences more widely, it was considered appropriate to publish the papers and proceedings of the meeting in this form. // Series renamed to "Perspectives on Distance Education."
- ItemOpen AccessThe Funding of Open Universities(1994) Mugridge, IanA collection of case studies, based on papers prepared for the COL/International Council for Distance Education (ICDE) symposium on funding and costing of open universities at the Asian Association of Open Universities (AAOU) conference in Hong Kong. // Series formerly called "Perspectives on Teacher Education." Renamed to "Perspectives on Open and Distance Learning."
- ItemOpen AccessKey Partners in Sustainable and Equitable Development: Resource materials on women and sustainable development(1994) Ofosu-Amaah, WaafasThis report responds to Commonwealth mandates by producing training materials on women and sustainable development. It extrapolates, from selected "success stories," the common lessons for learning and teaching about the effective integration of environment and gender. The success stories demonstrate that women have developed new approaches to environmentally sound energy production in rural areas, improved conservation of energy in community settings, found ways to deal with waste economically and safely (whether by recycling or responsible consumer behaviour) and re-introduced effective indigenous methods that are economically feasible and environmentally sustainable. These training materials are presented in a format that will make them adaptable for use by a variety of interested parties, from policy makers to practitioners, and in a variety of settings, from classroom instruction to radio broadcasts.
- ItemOpen AccessColleges Reaching Out: Report on the Status of Distance Education in Canadian Colleges and Technical Institutes(1994) McWilliams, PatriciaThis report provides a "snap-shot" of the scope and breadth of distance education activities in the college sector in Canada. The first section presents the institutional and programming information collected through a survey distributed to the 120 Association of Canadian Community Colleges (ACCC) member colleges. The second section illustrates notable approaches to programming, technology applications and other areas through case studies and issue papers drawn from a cross-section of colleges and regions. (41 pages, plus appendices)
- ItemOpen AccessOpen Schooling: Selected Experiences(1994) Mukhopadhyay, Marmar; Phillips, SusanThe first open school programme is believed to have begun in 1914 as correspondence lessons prepared at the request of a parent in Beech Forest in the Otway Mountains in Australia. By 1916, a special correspondence branch had been established. The success of the school programme led to the spread of open schools to several other Australian states and territories. Open schools were then introduced in Canada in 1919 and in New Zealand in 1922. The popular view that open learning and distance education trickled down from higher education is unfounded. In the 1960s, distance education expanded massively across many countries, especially in higher education as open universities. Meanwhile distance education at the primary and secondary levels in open schools was confined to only a few countries. As a result, the contemporary view of distance education is primarily associated with the open university. The open school movement, however, is an idea whose time has come. Many countries have now set up open schools for primary and secondary students, for example, in Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, South Korea, and Zambia. Initiatives to establish similar institutions are under consideration in South Africa, Egypt, China, Nigeria, and many other countries. Although having begun much later than open universities, open schools are rapidly gaining ground and some of them have quite high enrolments. For example, the National Open School of India, which started in 1989, now has a total enrolment of 250,000 students