Browsing by Subject "Assessment"
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- ItemOpen AccessA Lesson Plan Toolkit for Post Pandemic Education(2022-09) Gamage, Sujata; Saleh, AnisPCF10 Sub-theme: Inspiring Innovations // Novel approaches to learning such as student-centered learning, self-directed learning, hybrid learning, and flipped classrooms were not just theories but imperatives for engaging students in education in distance mode during the pandemic, but teachers were not fully prepared to take advantage of the opportunity. For those who tried, evaluating student learning as expected by parents and school authorities proved to be difficult because traditional summative tests do not capture the extent of learning through these new approaches. // Abridging the curricula too was a necessity during the pandemic but most education systems could not respond to this need in time. // The present paper describes the development and application of a toolkit for middle school students in Sri Lanka which allows teachers to develop lesson plans covering the full array of learning outcomes defined in the national curriculum but focusing on the essential learning outcomes, and include (1) pre-activities that guide students to read the textbooks on their own and learn in flipped-classroom mode, (2) activities that can be carried out at home or at school in hybrid mode, and (3) assessments that are authentic because they assess students’ knowledge, skills, and attitudes in reference to the activities they carried out. // Paper ID 1769
- ItemOpen AccessAdaptability and Perception on Mandatory Synchronous Online Exam Practice Classes and Formative Assessments for Middle School Students in Sri Lanka(2022-09) Chinthaka Naleen, Viyangoda GamagePCF10 Sub-theme: Building Resilience // Adversities of the Covid-19 pandemic have vastly impacted school education, forcing students to adhere to the online mode. Numerous research was conducted during the pandemic (Fields & Hartnett, 2020; Grewenig et al., 2021; Lennox et al., 2021; UNESCO, 2020; Arora & Srinivasan, 2020), whereas there is a need to research on the Sri Lankan school education sector too. Hence, this study was conducted to investigate the adaptability to online learning and assessments for English language tests. This mixed-method, exploratory research used a convenience sample (n=100) of students aged 11 to 15. WhatsApp was used as a communication tool, while Zoom-based instructions and Google form-based formative assessments were administered in the online learning environment (OLE). // Furthermore, Google form-based questionnaires, observations, and interviews with both students and teachers were used for data collection. Results revealed that even with some infrastructure and digital literacy issues, the online platform was convenient to practice for their tests, and the participation was high. However, extremely slow internet connections during peak hours hindered the quality of the delivery, and a few disadvantaged students were not affordable to have a dedicated device for their online sessions as they had to share with siblings. Furthermore, the need to improve some teachers' and students' basic mobile and computer literacy was observed. Limitations such as teachers’ knowledge about the technology, tools, and ethics of working with the online pedagogy were observed and needed further research. // Paper ID 1234
- ItemOpen AccessAn Assessment of Online Facilitation Processes in the National Open University of Nigeria (NOUN)(2022-09) Owolabi, Josiah; Adeyemi, Fidelis AdeyinkaPCF10 Sub-theme: Inspiring Innovations // For efficient and effective management of educational delivery, innovations are required. One of such innovations is the online facilitation, which was on a lower scale at the National Open University of Nigeria (NOUN) before the COVID-19 lockdown and now is being improved on. The purpose of this study therefore, is to assess the online facilitation processes at the National Open University of Nigeria (NOUN). A survey design was used. Three research questions were answered and one hypothesis was tested at 0.05 level of significance. 44 facilitators and 161 learners participated in the study, after face validation and reliabilities of the instruments were ascertained. Cronbach Alpha reliability test was used to determine the internal consistency of the instruments which yielded a reliability coefficient of 0.929 and 0.846 for facilitators and learners’ instruments respectively. Data were analysed using frequencies, percentages, mean and standard deviation statistics for the research questions and t-test for hypothesis. Findings from the study showed that NOUN lecturers at the headquarters were highly competent in the identified skills; they were also rated by their students to be effective in communication and class control. It was therefore recommended that the model of operation in NOUN; which include regular training, support from technical staff as well as accessibility to enabling facilities and resources be adopted by other universities in Nigeria that desires to have an efficient online facilitation system. // Paper ID 0349
- ItemOpen AccessAn Assessment of Students’ Readiness for Digital Learning in Senior Secondary Schools in Lagos State(2022-09) Abaa, Angela Ebere; Aina, Josephine Shola; Akande, Rotimi Michael; Ogunjirin, Taiyelolu MartinsPCF10 Sub-theme: Inspiring Innovations // This study investigated students' readiness for digital learning in senior secondary schools in Lagos state, Nigeria. Descriptive survey research design was adopted in the study. A sample size of 245 respondents was randomly selected from four educational districts in Lagos using confidence level of 95% (0.05). A Multi stage sampling approach involving both simple and stratified random sampling technique was used to select the students. The sample for the study is made up two hundred students randomly selected across 8 schools in four educational districts in Lagos. A self-developed 4-point Likert-type scale on the research objectives was used as an instrument of data collection and the instrument was thoroughly scrutinized by an expert in the area of ICT. The instrument was validated and found to be reliable. It was personally administered by the researchers. Four research questions and two hypotheses guided the study. Both descriptive statistics such as mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions and inferential statistics as used to test the hypotheses. The findings of the study revealed among others that there is positive disposition/perception of respondents towards digital learning. The study also revealed that there is no significant gender difference in perception and utilization of digital learning facilities among the students. The study therefore recommended that the secondary school administrators should incorporate digital learning as part of the curriculum to enhance the interest of learner. // Paper ID 5882
- ItemOpen AccessArchitecture of a MOOC: Assessment(2014-09) Prabhakar, T VWeek 2: Architecture of a MOOC, module 4 of the MOOC on MOOC course offered by the Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IITK) & Commonwealth of Learning (COL) in September 2014. This resource contains a video link, slides as well as a document of the transcript. // MOOC on MOOC explores key concepts, methods and practices in the MOOC paradigms. It is meant for both a non-technical and technical audience.
- ItemOpen AccessAssessing the Needs of Literacy personnel in Non Formal Basic Education(2010-11) Ghazi, Shakil A; Hafeez, Amtul; Safdar, Muhammad; Yaqoob, MuhammadDue to population explosion and swiftly increasing demand for education even developed countries are unable to overcome the prevailing challenges through formal system of education. Most of the developing countries are in miserable situation regarding level of education and literacy. Attacking poverty has become an international concern for placing in the paradigm of ‘education and learning for sustainable development’ in consideration of the reality that almost half of the world’s population live in poverty. Unfortunately, more than half of the population is living below the poverty line in Pakistan. (World Bank, 2000) Due to scarce resources and financial constraints developing countries are unable to cope with the drastic demand for education and consequently non formal education (NFE) seems blessing to meet this challenge of poverty alleviation.
- ItemOpen AccessAssessment and Evaluation for Gender Equity in ODL Provision in a Time of Generative AI(2023-09-08) Mays, Tony"Assessment and Evaluation for Gender Equity in ODL Provision in a Time of Generative AI" webinar in collaboration with Botswana Open University, presented by Dr Tony Mays, Education Specialist: Open Schooling, Commonwealth of Learning (COL) and moderated by Dr Tommie Hamaluba, Botswana Open University, 8 September 2023.
- ItemOpen AccessAssessment in Open and Distance Learning Institutions: Issues and Challenges(2010-11) Makamane, BonangThis paper investigates why the ODL institutions for teacher training are still using the traditional pencil and paper testing instead of employing alternative methods of assessment where students are involved in the their own assessment. The next section discusses assessment in teacher training and the importance of integrating performance based assessment order to improve teaching and learning.
- ItemOpen AccessAssessment of Competencies in Digital Learning: All About Change(2020-11-10) Neal, TerryDelivered by Terry Neal, Education Specialist: Technical and Vocational Skills Development (TVSD), Commonwealth of Learning at a webinar THE IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON TVET DELIVERY. ICT Enabled Technical and Vocational Education and Training Delivery: Educational Continuity and Resilience in the TVET Sector in CARICOM member States on Tuesday 10 November, 2020. Terry’s presentation Assessment of competencies in digital learning: All about change stresses the importance of considering how to support people to change when introducing digital learning, and describes COL’s experience supporting change in three African TVET projects.
- ItemOpen AccessAssessment of the Effectiveness of the Online Training of the Teacher Education and Enhancement Programme (TEEP) in Ghana(2022-09) Sarpong, Lawrence; Danso, Humphrey; Addai-Poku, ChristianPCF10 Sub-theme: Fostering Lifelong Learning // The Teacher Education and Enhancement Programme (TEEP) is a project being implemented as part of the Commonwealth of Learning (COL)’s Integration of Technology in Teaching, Learning and Assessment (ITTLA) model that works with government agencies towards improved national effectiveness in leveraging open, distance and technology-enabled learning, for quality teacher training. The TEEP project aims to strengthen knowledge and skills in digital teaching, learning and assessment among teachers and other educators. COL is working with the National Teaching Council (NTC) of Ghana to implement TEEP in Ghana as the first-ever national online professional development programme for teachers. This study sought to assess the effectiveness of the first phase of the online training in Ghana which covered Teaching in a Digital Age (DTA). The study adopted a descriptive research design with a population consisting of teachers who participated in the training. A purposive sampling technique was adopted to collect data from 456 teachers. It was found that the online training helped to develop the participants’ competencies and skills in the areas of the training, and the overall quality of the training was found to be very good. // Paper ID 3354
- ItemOpen AccessAuthentic Assessment for Online Learning: Course Material(2023-07) Openo, JasonThis course material provides an overview of learning designs, to help learners conceptualize authentic assessments. Upon completion of this course, learners are equipped with knowledge and practical strategies to design learner-centered digital assessment focusing on academic integrity, engagement, authenticity, and deep learning in the e-learning environment.
- ItemOpen AccessAutomated Essay Scoring (AES) Systems: Opportunities and Challenges for Open and Distance Education(2022-09) Bai, John Y H; Zawacki-Richter, Olaf; Bozkurt, Aras; Lee, Kyungmee; Fanguy, Mik; Cefa Sari, Berrin; Marin, Victoria IPCF10 Sub-theme: Inspiring Innovations // This paper reports on a systematic review of artificial intelligence applications in education (AIEd) with a special focus on automated essay scoring (AES) systems. AES systems may provide enormous time-savings, especially for large-scale distance teaching institutions with massive numbers of students, by reducing marking and freeing up teachers’ resources for individual feedback and personal support of distance learners. After an introduction on how AES systems function, a review corpus of published articles between 2007 and 2021 is synthetised to evaluate critical discussions and research trends in AES. Articles in the corpus generally evaluated either the accuracy of AES systems or the experience of users, and include implementation of AES systems in various settings (i.e., higher education, K-12, and large-scale assessments). Despite the opportunities that AES might afford for educational institutions, many questions related to the feasibility and validity of AES systems, their implementation, and the associated ethical issues are still unanswered. The findings of this research provide a solid foundation for this discussion. // Paper ID 8339
- ItemOpen AccessBuilding an Efficient and Effective Test Management System in an ODL Institution(2016-11) Yusof, Safiah M; Lim, TickMeng; Png, Leo; Khatab, Zainuriyah A; Singh, Harvinder K DOpen University Malaysia (OUM) is progressively moving towards implementing assessment on demand and online assessment. This move is deemed necessary for OUM to continue to be the leading provider of flexible learning. OUM serves a very large number of students each semester and these students are vastly distributed throughout the country. As the number of learners keeps growing, the task of managing and administrating examinations every semester has become increasingly laborious, time consuming and costly. In trying to deal with this situation and improve the assessment processes, OUM has embarked on the development and employment of a test management system. This test management system is named OUM QBank. The initial objectives of QBank development were aimed at enabling the systematic classification and storage of test items, as well as the auto-generation of test papers based on the required criteria. However, it was later agreed that the QBank should be a more comprehensive test management system that not just manages all assessment items but also includes the features to facilitate quality control and flexibility of use. These include the functionality to perform item analyses and also online examination. This paper identifies the key elements and the important theoretical basis in ensuring the design and development of an effective and efficient system. // Paper ID 549
- ItemOpen AccessBuilding an Efficient and Effective Test Management System in an ODL Institution(2017-07) Yusof, Safiah M; Lim, Tick M; Png, Leo; Khatab, Zainuriyah A; Singh, Harvinder K DOpen University Malaysia (OUM) is progressively moving towards implementing assessment on demand and online assessment. This move is deemed necessary for OUM to continue to be the leading provider of flexible learning. OUM serves a very large number of students each semester and these students are vastly distributed throughout the country. As the number of learners keeps growing, the task of managing and administering examinations every semester has become increasingly laborious, time consuming and costly. In trying to deal with this situation and improve the assessment processes, OUM has embarked on the development and employment of a test management system. This test management system is named OUM QBank. The initial objectives of QBank development were aimed at enabling the systematic classification and storage of test items, as well as the auto-generation of test papers based on the required criteria. However, it was later agreed that the QBank should be a more comprehensive test management system that manages not just all assessment items but also includes the features to facilitate quality control and flexibility of use. These include the functionality to perform item analyses and also online examination. This paper identifies the key elements and the important theoretical basis in ensuring the design and development of an effective and efficient system.
- ItemOpen AccessBuilding Educational Resilience in Mathematics Delivery and Assessment(2022-09) Soluk, Patricia; Greenwood-Lee, James; Peschke, Julie; Beltaos, Angela; Kumar, Vive; Munyikwa, Ken; Babiuk, Shauna; Rechseidler-Zenteno, ShaunaPCF10 Sub-theme: Building Resilience // Mathematics is a foundational subject in education. Learning outcomes in mathematics build on previous competencies and students are well-served by real-time intervention and feedback. However, contemporary math education is limited by technology, scalable learning, shareable experiences (both teaching and learning), and accessible modes of practice. Most assessment platforms do not have the functionality to support symbols and equations. During the pandemic we have diverted assessments in high enrolment mathematics courses from paper to electronic delivery. We developed randomized examinations for Introductory Statistics and Introduction to Calculus I and we developed an entire course with assessment using OERs (open educational resources) for Business Mathematics. Our team developed highly interactive, traceable, and intervenable content in math problem solving using the Möbius (https://digitaled.com/mobius) platform. We enabled an LTI integration of the platform into our LMS (learning management system) to provide seamless access for students. Möbius promotes cognitive learning through a powerful math engine, student feedback, analytics, and interactive STEM (science, technology, engineering, math) curriculum content. We are serving 3,000 learners with effective assessment and have relieved faculty and staff of administering and marking alternative examinations through a long pandemic. We have seen improvements in student feedback, increased accessibility, reduced administrative burden, and enhanced exam security. Möbius is a truly scalable and cost-effective platform for math educators and students that provides more efficient and effective management of educational delivery. // Paper ID 0616
- ItemOpen AccessCan e-Authentication Raise the Confidence of Both Students and Teachers in Qualifications Granted Through the e-Assessment Process?(2020-03-20) Whitelock, Denise; Edwards, Chris; Okada, AlexandraThe EU-funded TeSLA project - Adaptive Trust-based e-Assessment System for Learning (http://tesla-project.eu) has developed a suite of instruments for e-Authentication. These include face recognition, voice recognition, keystroke dynamics, forensic analysis and plagiarism detection were designed for integration within a university's virtual learning environment. These tools were trialed across the seven partner institutions: 4,058 participating students, including 330 Students with special educational needs and disabilities (SEND); 54 teaching staff. // This paper describes the findings of this large-scale study where over 50% of students gave a positive response to the use of these tools. In addition, over 70% agreed that these tools were 'to ensure that my examination results are trusted' and 'to prove that my essay is my own original work'. Teaching staff also reported positive experiences of TeSLA: the figure reaching 100% in one institution. We show there is evidence that a suite of e-authentication tools such as TeSLA can potentially be acceptable to students and staff and be used to increase trust in online assessment. Also, that whilst not yet perfected for SEND students it can still enrich their experience of assessment. We find that care is needed when introducing such technologies to ensure the building of the layers of trust required for their successful adoption.
- ItemOpen AccessCANTA/COL Launch of Online Platform to Host CVQ Courses(2021-04-20) Kanwar, AshaKeynote address delivered by Professor Asha Kanwar, President and CEO, Commonwealth of Learning at the CANTA/COL Launch of Online CVQ Programmes for Assessors, Verifiers and Instructors on April 20, 2021.
- ItemOpen AccessChildren and the Internet: Learning, in the Times to Come(2020-11-20) Mitra, Sugata; Panda, SantoshIt is proposed that the purpose of education is to enable people to live happy, healthy and useful lives — now and in the future. A curriculum and framework for children’s education is derived from the above purpose. Using the results of over twenty years of research, the pedagogical and physical environments required that will enable children to learn are discussed in the post-pandemic world. Scenarios for schools and homes are presented with a special emphasis on the role of the Internet in children’s learning. New methods for assessment and certification are described to complete a framework for children’s education that is fit for purpose for our times.