- ItemOpen AccessBook Review: Becoming An Effective Teacher: A Teaching Reference Book for Teachers, Teacher Educators and Student Teachers(2023-07-18) Haynes-Brown, Tashane; Panda, SantoshThis is a review of the book Becoming an Effective Teacher by Kisirkoi and Cude (2021). It is designed as a resource text for pre-service and in-service teachers and teacher educators. The authors use a mix of theoretical and practical discourse that focus specifically on a key ingredient needed for effective teaching and learning in the 21st century, that is enabling teachers and teacher educators to conceptualize their classrooms in more student-centred ways. Through the presentation of 16 chapters grouped under three themes, the authors present a balanced discussion of how each component of teaching is connected to achieve the ultimate goal of becoming more prepared to address the changing needs of the 21st century student.
- ItemOpen AccessCollaborative Research Writing in the New Normal: Students’ Views, Challenges, Coping Strategies, and Takeaways(2023-07-18) Roxas, Mark Joshua; Panda, SantoshThe ‘new normal’ setup of education posed challenges on courses requiring learners’ collaboration. Despite the proven advantages of collaborative writing, several challenges still confront the learners which may affect the quality of their output. Collaboration per se is already a challenge for learners in face-to-face classes, more so in online distance learning. Thus, this study explored the views, challenges, coping strategies, and takeaways of senior high school students in collaborative research writing in the ‘new normal.’ Thirty (30) reflective essays written by senior high school students from three (3) academic strands, namely Humanities and Social Sciences, General Academic, and Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics were analysed. Ten (10) sample essays from each strand were selected through Critical Case Sampling. Findings revealed that students view collaborative research writing in general as easy, while some see it as difficult. The students met challenges in research technicalities, communication, and collaboration. Varied coping strategies were identified, such as having a positive mindset, being patient, considerate and determined, seeking help from others, maintaining proper communication and collaboration, seeking spiritual guidance, and taking a break. Ultimately, the takeaways of the students were not limited to academics or cognitive aspects—they were also able to gain important values.
- ItemOpen AccessDeployment of Offline Learning Management Systems: Comparing the Performance of Selected Micro-servers in Tanzania(2023-07-18) Maro, Salome; Kondoro, Aron; Haßler, Björn; Mtebe, Joel; Proctor, Jamie; Panda, SantoshLow-powered mobile devices such as Raspberry Pis and tablets can be used as micro-servers to implement offline Learning Management Systems (LMS). Despite their potential, especially for low-income countries, such as Tanzania, no research is available detailing the affordances of these devices for supporting LMS features. This study investigated the suitability of various low-cost micro-servers for deploying LMSs. It compared the performance of the Raspberry Pi, Android tablet, and Chromebook in terms of LMS benchmarking, response time, and resource utilisation. Results showed all devices had sufficient hardware resources to support the LMS, however, software stacks, I/O performance, and platform optimisations affected the micro-servers' performance. The Chromebook had the best performance in terms of response time, followed by the Raspberry Pi and tablets. In terms of cost, the Raspberry PI was the cheapest option. The installation process for tablets was more cumbersome than the other devices, meaning the devices with better tooling and a more conventional software stack were a better option for deploying offline micro-servers.
- ItemOpen AccessEducator Perspectives and Intention to Adopt OER in Teaching and Learning in Secondary Schools in Mauritius(2023-07-18) Rajabalee, Yousra Banoor; Jugurnath, Bhavish; Santally, Mohammad Issack; Panda, SantoshThere has been a growing interest in the use of Open Educational Resources (OER) to support educators to adapt, use, re-use, remix and recontextualise content for teaching and learning. The purpose of this study was to investigate the extent and intent of adoption of OER practices and tools in secondary schools in Mauritius within a sustainable and innovative teaching and learning model. The main objective was to investigate whether the inclusion of OER in teaching could help maintain quality instruction and sustain a viable economic model for learners. Moreover, this study assessed the readiness and attitudes of secondary educators in their intention to adopt OER. A survey was carried out among 271 secondary school educators to determine the influential factors in the intention to adopt OER in teaching. Factor and regression analysis were carried out to estimate the significance of each independent variable. The findings of this study reported that Productivity, Interactivity, Infrastructure and Constraining Factors were among the factors that had a significant effect on teachers’ adoption of OER in their teaching process. Combined with other findings as reported in the literature, this study also helps to enlighten policymakers about teachers’ intention in adopting OER in secondary schools in Mauritius and how they add value to the teaching and learning processes. The Cabinet of Ministers in Mauritius approved the National policy on OER in December 2022.
- ItemOpen AccessEffectiveness of Guided Inquiry-Based Mosiry E-Module on the Immune System in Improving Students' Integrated Science Process Skills (SPS)(2023-07-18) Sulistyana, Yanti; Indrowati , Meti; Ariyanto, Joko; Panda, SantoshIntegrated Science Process Skills online learning cannot be taught optimally so learning media are needed that can teach integrated, interactive, and practical SPS. One such media is an e-module. This study aimed to determine the feasibility and effectiveness of Guided Inquiry-Based e-module, or Mosiry, in improving Integrated SPS of Class XI students in the Immune System subject. This research is a developmental research, using the 4D development design stages: 1) Defining; 2) Designing; 3) Development; and 4) Disseminate. The sample was selected using a purposive sampling method. Data was collected by using observation, interviews, questionnaires, and pretest/posttest; and data was analysed based on media feasibility, and effectiveness analysis. The results of this study were that the Mosiry e-module is suitable for use as a learning medium for the Immune System and could improve students' SPS in the moderate category.should set a pilot programme to test the effectiveness and practicability of this model.