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  • Publication
    Effects of Online Yoga Training on Self-Perceived Stress of the Students of Certificate Programme in Yoga (CPY) of IGNOU
    ( 2022-11-21) Jamatia, Biplab ; Panda, Santosh
    Yoga and meditation have become widely accepted as nonpharmacologic modalities for stress and anxiety reduction as well as general health. Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) School of Health Sciences (SOHS) launched a six months-long Certificate Programme in Yoga (CPY) in July 2019 for students who have cleared their 12th class. The objective of this study was to find out the effects of online yoga training on self-perceived stress among the students of the CPY programme enrolled during the academic year 2021. This was a study with both pre- and post-tests and was carried out on the students of the CPY programme between March and December 2021. A total of 69 and 81 students participated from the January 2021 and July 2021 batches, respectively. The Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) was used as a tool to measure the level of stress. A structured close-ended questionnaire was sent by Google Forms to ascertain self-perceived stress. The total mean value of the PSS score after online yoga training decreased from 18 + 5.9 SD in the pretest to 13.7 + 6.5 SD in the post-test of students from the January 2021 batch, and from 17.4 + 5.8 SD in the pre-test to 13.1 + 5.6 SD in the post-test of students from the July 2021 batch. The difference of mean value of pre-test and post-test of both the batches of students after online yoga training were significant (p value < 0.0001). The online yoga training was effective in reduction of perceived stress score among the students of the Certificate Programme in Yoga (CPY).
  • Publication
    Tracer study of 2017-2019 NAMCOL TVET graduates
    ( 2022-11-21) Sichombe, Beatrice ; Panda, Santosh
    This article focuses on the outcome of a tracer study of former NAMCOL TVET trainees who completed their training in 2017, 2018 and 2019 in the following trades: Automotive Mechanics, Welding & Metal Fabrication, Office Administration and Plumbing & Pipe-Fitting in terms of their employment profile, opinions on the quality and effect of training they received in light of their employment experiences. The study revealed that former trainees were well equipped with relevant knowledge and skills needed by the job market. However, the majority were unemployed, and among the employed, others were employed outside their specialisation. Furthermore, the study revealed some challenges that former trainees encountered while studying with NAMCOL, among others, inadequate equipment, lack of job attachment opportunities, financial constraints, and the delay of equipment and material supply. The study further made recommendations that could improve TVET quality and delivery at NAMCOL.
  • Publication
    Relationships Between Cognitive Styles and Indigenous Students’ Mathematics Academic Outcomes
    ( 2022-11-21) Sianturi, Murni ; Suliantin, Riska ; Fitrianti, Hariani ; Panda, Santosh
    This article explores the link between cognitive styles and Indigenous students’ mathematics academic outcomes. There were three different groups of Indigenous West Papuan students participating in this study: 9 junior high school students, 12 senior high school students, and 46 university students. Data were collected from the results of the group embedded figure test and the previous semester's scores and analysed using a quantitative approach. In contrast to previous studies, the results indicated no significant correlation between cognitive styles and mathematics academic outcomes for junior and senior high school students. However, the different cognitive styles showed a significant contribution for university students. As Indigenous students pursue a higher level of education, their cognitive styles would influence their mathematics academic outcomes.
  • Publication
    Students' Perception about the Use of an Educational Web Application During the COVID-19 Pandemic
    ( 2022-11-21) Salas-Rueda, Ricardo-Adán ; Martínez-Ramírez, Selene-Marisol ; Ramírez-Ortega, Jesús ; Alvarado-Zamorano, Clara ; Panda, Santosh
    SARS-CoV-2 virus has caused universities to update their courses in the distance modality. The general aim of this mixed research was to build and analyse the use of a web application for the educational process about the t-test considering data science. In particular, the professor of the Teaching of Mathematics II course needed to update the school activities because of the new educational demands caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. To facilitate the educational process of math, this teacher decided to build a web application that presents the formulas and calculation of the mean, standard deviation and statistical error to understand the use of the t-test. This technological tool allows the personalisation of learning through the simulation of data. The participants were 42 students from a Mexican university. The results of machine learning indicated that the contents of the web application positively influenced the assimilation of knowledge, satisfaction during the learning process, development of mathematical skills and learning in the distance modality. The decision tree technique allows the construction of four (4) predictive models about the use of the web application for the educational process about the t-test. Finally, educators have the opportunity to improve the teaching-learning conditions during the SARS-CoV-2 virus through the design and construction of web applications.
  • Publication
    A Systematic Study of the Literature on Career Guidance Expert Systems for Students: Implications for ODL
    ( 2022-11-21) Gunwant, Shilpa ; Panda, Santosh
    The continual evolution of employment opportunities in the present industrial era has raised the need for career-long expert advice. Similar to other fields, thankfully technology has come to our rescue in the area of career guidance also. This paper presents a systematic review of Expert Systems (ES) developed for career guidance, course selection and evaluation of students in the past ten years. The popular research databases Google Scholar and Science Direct were used for obtaining the relevant research papers through broad keywords. The keywords were refined to identify the articles related to rule-based, case-based and fuzzy logic-based ES used for career guidance. A total of twenty-five peer-reviewed relevant articles with full-text available online was selected for the final study. In order to avoid duplicity, technical reports and unreferenced literature were excluded. The review identifies the relatively high weight given by the researchers to rule-based systems owing to their simplicity and broad applicability. However, the relative merits and demerits of rule-based, case-based and fuzzy logic-based ES are highly dependent on the field of application. Nevertheless, ES find wide applications in the area of career guidance and have the potential to enhance the career guidance accessibility of the most remote students.