05. Pan-Commonwealth Forum 5 (PCF5), 2008

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  • Publication
    Democratization of Higher Education: Experiences of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Open University, India’s First Open University
    ( 2008) Ramana, Kanaka Sabha
    PCF5: Cross-Cutting Theme // One of the objectives of Open Distance Learning system in India is to democratize higher education by providing access to large segment of the population. In India the Open Distance Learning System mainly focuses on solving the basic problem of providing equal access to higher education. In spite of limited access to higher education India faces another problem that are the inequalities of other kinds with in the education system mainly, the gender inequality and inequalities among the disadvantaged groups such as weaker sections in the larger neglected masses of the country. // Paper ID 558
  • Publication
    Increasing Access to Higher Education Through Distance Learning – A Case Study of School of Distance Learning and Continuing Education
    ( 2008) Rathnam, B Venkat
    PCF5: Cross-Cutting Theme // Distance Education is one of the most important educational innovation of the 20th Century (V.S. Prasad, 1998). It is known by different nomenclature in different countries. By 2007, there exists 1086 distance education institutions offering 28,295 courses in 107 countries. In India, the Open Distance Learning (ODL) is offered under Dual Mode System (K. Murali Manohar, 1996), viz., (a) Distance Learning Directorate such as SDLCE under conventional universities. There are 64 such directorates in India. (b) Exclusive Open Universities System such as Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU). There are 13 such exclusive open universities. The present paper concentrates on the School of Distance Learning and Continuing Education (SDLCE) of Kakatiya University, Andhra Pradesh, India. // Paper ID 533
  • Publication
    The Virtual University for Small States of the Commonwealth: What is it for? How is it doing? Where is it going?
    ( 2008) Daniel, John ; West, Paul
    PCF5: Cross-Cutting Theme // The proposal for the Virtual University for Small States of the Commonwealth (VUSSC) that was presented to Ministers in 2003 (COL, 2003) contained the following statement: ‘The vision that emerged for a virtual university serving small states was one of a consortium of institutions, enabled by appropriate ICT applications, working together in practical ways to plan programmes, develop the required content and ensure the delivery of those programmes and support services to learners.’ It also included the sentence: ‘The virtual university will be as much concerned with adding value to conventional on-campus instruction as it is with serving learners at a distance.’ And it also noted that a virtual university could benefit small states by: ‘Providing accreditation systems to develop quality standards and ensure that they are met’. The overriding objective for the VUSSC that emerges from the original proposal to ministers is that it should help institutions in the small states to serve learners better. // Paper ID 514
  • Publication
    Digital democracy: Giving ODL Students in Developing Countries a Voice
    ( 2008) Woodley, Alan ; Cross, Simon
    PCF5: Cross-Cutting Theme // Information Technology has had a great but uneven impact on Open and Distance Learning (ODL). In the main it has led to greater efficiencies in the way that courses are written and produced; student registration; student assessment; and the logistics of distribution. Latterly, with the advent of e-learning and “technology enhanced learning”, the teaching and learning process itself has changed. Learners can work collaboratively, they can take control of their own learning through Web 2.0 technologies, they can build eportfolios, etc, etc. An area where IT is having an increasing impact is in those parts of institutional research that rely upon gathering feedback from the learners. // Paper ID 453
  • Publication
    Open & Distance Learning (ODL) Needs Consolidation through Innovative & Collaborative Learning Approaches: A Sri Lankan Case Study
    ( 2008) Fernando, J N Oleap
    PCF5: Cross-Cutting Theme // The author has been involved since 1979 in teaching Chemistry at the B Sc degree level simultaneously to students in two non-conventional programmes outside the state managed Sri Lankan University system. He has also been involved over 42 years of his academic career in teaching Chemistry to B Sc students in many conventional Universities in Sri Lanka and in Papua New Guinea. Over the past four decades varied experiences have been obtained in both “teacher centred” and “student centred” teaching/learning approaches to a wide spectrum of students in many conventional and non-conventional tertiary level programmes. This paper discusses the results of case studies conducted over three years with a view to strengthen ODL by consolidation & coordination of such experiences into a more productive teaching/learning mode that attempts to make use of the better elements of ODL and face to face instruction within the particular needs & demands of students. // Paper ID 449