Distance And Open Learning as a way to Improve the Livelihoods of Young Car Guards in Namibia

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Commonwealth of Learning (COL)

PCF5 Sub-theme: Livelihoods // At the 1990 World Conference on Education held in Jomtien representatives of 155 different governments, donor agencies, researchers and specialists adopted a declaration on Education for All. In this Declaration the concept of Education for All is associated with learning and life skills of every person – child, youth and adult. Education for All reflects a basic that is also enshrined in the national constitution of the Republic of Namibia. Although education is a basic right access to it is not guaranteed. Despite efforts to cope with educational demands the Namibian Government lags behind in the fulfillment of Education for All. Daily, unemployed young adults roaming the streets of Windhoek (capital city of Namibia) looking for work. These people are dependent on cash for their livelihood. One way to earn money is to work as a car guard (mainly men). // Crime is a serious concern in Namibia. Robbery, mugging and theft occur frequently, especially in shopping areas and locations where foreign visitors tend to congregate. Vehicle theft (343 vehicles in 2005, 405 vehicles during 2006 and 321 vehicles during 2007) and vehicle break-in are of the most common crimes. Due to this type of crime a system is in place where by guards will watch vehicles while the owners are shopping. Theses guards do not receive salaries, but are dependent on the voluntary donations from vehicle owners. They are not employees of security companies; they operate on their own. They do not have any training relating to this service. The amounts of money they take home after a day’s work depend on the time of year, location and the donations they receive. // In the light of the aforementioned explanation this article tends to describe these guards’ socioeconomic situations, level of education, interest in further studies, as well as recommend ways/programmes to improve their livelihoods. // Paper ID 139