Disability Accommodations in Online Education: The Experience of AIOU Graduates

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Date
2022-09
Authors
Majeed, Zahid
Ul-Qayyam, Zia
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Commonwealth of Learning (COL)
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Abstract
PCF10 Sub-theme: Promoting Equity and Inclusion // In Pakistan less than 1% of total differently able population have access to education and only 0.2% are in higher education. The reasons are many because of policies, accessibility, exclusion, facilities, equal opportunities, infrastructure and skilled faculty at the universities. In Pakistan Allama Iqbal Open University is the only university providing open and equal educational opportunities to all the disabled in Pakistan. Because of the blessing of COVID-19 higher education institutions of Pakistan are more open, accommodative and inclusive and providing opportunities to disabled students too. In this study the researchers interviewed more than 200 students graduated from AIOU and formal universities. The aim of this qualitative research was to determine their experiences of online education at AIOU and formal universities. Also, their perceptions of the relationship between inclusive educational environments and academic performance. The sample of the study was included students with hearing impairment, visual impairment and physically disabilities. The participants of the study indicated that disabilities presented concentration and scheduling challenges, the flexibility of online learning as well as participants' skills at self-accommodation and self-advocacy were instrumental in their academic performance/success. The study recommended that the online education at formal universities should be more supportive and accommodative online education environment. They further recommended formal universities with the help of AIOU should develop eContent (usability and accessibility), eAssessment and trained faculty to teach the disabled on online learning management system. // Paper ID 9923
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Subject
Online Education, Differently Abled Students, Inclusive Educational Environment
Country
Pakistan
Region
Asia
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