Human rights vis-a-vis right to education in Indian context: problems and issues
Human rights are rights that are basic in nature and entitled to every human being, irrespective of his nationality, place of residence, sex, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, language, or any other status. Such rights would include right to life, equality before the law, freedom of expression, the right to work, right to social security, right to education, collective rights, such as the rights to development and self-determination, etc. Therefore as is evident human rights are inseparable, interrelated and interdependent. The improvement of one right makes the progress of the others possible. Correspondingly, the denial of one right has negating affects on the others. The basic right that is protected by the term human right is right to life with dignity. A human rights-based approach to education is therefore necessitated since it assures every child a quality education that respects and promotes her or his right to dignity and optimum development. The right to education is marked priority on the agenda of the international community since right to education is not only a human right in itself but also is quintessential for the exercise of all other human rights. A number of human rights treaties accepted and recognized internationally, identifies right to education as a fundamental aspect for development and social transformation. // Human rights in Indian Legal Parlance means the rights relating to life, liberty, equality and dignity of the individual guaranteed by the constitution embodies in the international covenants and enforceable by courts in India. According to Justice V.R. Krishna Iyer: Human rights are those irreducible minima, which belong to every member of the human race when pitted against the State or other public authorities or group or gangs and other oppressive communities. Being member of the human family, he has the right to be treated as human, once he takes birth or is alive in the womb with a potential title to personhood. Therefore human rights have a special significance in this changing world scenario.