Handbook on Online Education in Commonwealth Asia
Online learning is education which takes place over the internet. Online courses are flexible and give students enough time and space to learn at their own leisure and pace. Many studies have reported that online learning is as effective as formal learning in terms of student learning. Education delivered online has seen significant growth in the last few years. Advancements in ICT, development and use of OER, and government policies on credit transfers have led many institutions to plan and offer either partial or full online courses and programmes. Some of the universities and institutions have started looking at the credits gained through MOOCs for transfer to regular programmes in view of the policies and guidelines issued by the government’s regulatory agencies. Conventional institutions have also started making attempts to offer online courses and programmes as they are deemed to be cost effective and able to meet the requirements of present-day learners.