Creating and Sharing Open Educational Resources Through Action Research in a Challenging Context

Turuthi, David G
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Proverbs are expressions of the folk which contain wisdom, truth, morals, experiences, lessons, and advice concerning life and which have been handed down from generation to generation. Proverbs were used since the Middle Ages as pedagogical tools in the study of language with the aim to enhance educational outcomes. With increased access to variety of technologies, teaching and learning has to be reformed to be in tandem with the times. Integration of videos in teaching Kiswahili proverbs was deemed by the authors as an attractive teaching strategy because it is interactive therefore likely to provide great enthusiasm and motivation to students. Our presentation will focus on how videos were integrated in teaching Kiswahili proverbs in a school in Nakuru Municipality, Kenya, with particular emphasis on bringing the context of the proverbs taught to class, to remove abstractness and replace it with a near representation of real objects and situations. This was a participatory action research involving one teacher and Form Two students in one secondary school. Data was collected through multiple methods that included interviews, classroom observations, reflective conversations, focus group discussion and document analysis. Data collection and analysis were concurrently done since the findings of an earlier cycle had to inform a later one. Findings from the study suggest that when learners interact during learning with videos that indicate real experiences or contexts, there is increased enthusiasm and motivation and therefore a positive climate for learning. The learners during a post-intervention focus group discussion suggested that videos attracted their concentration in the lessons because of its audio-visual nature that enabled them to engage more than one sense organ. As a practical contribution of this study, a selection of the videos of contexts in which proverbs exist were shared as Open Educational Resources (OERs) so that others from challenging educational contexts may have access. The authors also took a commitment to develop more videos for sharing as OERs as a further contribution to improved teaching and learning. // Paper ID: 114

Technology and Innovation,Open Educational Resources (OER),Multimedia Learning,Teaching and Learning Methods