The Opportunities and Challenges for Developing ICT-Based Science Learning and Teaching in Ghana

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Commonwealth of Learning (COL)

Africa’s transition to an innovation-led, knowledge-based economy could drive the continent’s economic growth and lift millions out of poverty and there is opportunity to increase the number of skilled professionals across the chemistry, biology and physics disciplines. However not enough students enrol in science subjects in Higher Education in Ghana, with proportions admitted to public universities well short of the Government’s 60% target. Significant barriers for all young people include the lack of practical scientific equipment in schools, and barriers to young women include prevailing socio-cultural attitudes, a lack of female role models and unsupportive educational environments. //
To address these constraints The Open University UK and the Centre for National Distance Learning and Open Schooling (CENDLOS) Ghana, under the guidance of the Ministry of Education, Ghana are developing a project in the programme OpenSTEM Africa (OSA) to support work already begun by CENDLOS to bring ICT-based learning and teaching to Senior High Schools through their pioneering iBox and iCampus. OpenSTEM Africa is a framework for improving science education in Africa, with the co-development of appropriate learning and teaching materials including curriculum-relevant interactive onscreen science experiments, gender sensitive teaching and learning materials, female role modelling, and a school teacher and teacher leadership programme that will support the delivery and sustainability of improved ICT-based science education which is scalable to national level.//
We are still near the beginning of this collaboration and we would like to present interactively to participants at PCF9 on both the opportunities and the obstacles with a short demonstration of the potential interactivity while also collectively interrogating some of the challenges of a shift to ICT-based teaching and learning. // Paper ID 232

Information and Communication Technology (ICT),Education Technology,Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)